Cars are motor vehicles that people use for transportation. They are also called automobiles. Besides, this word mainly comes from two words auto, which comes from Greece, and mobile, which comes from France. Moreover, some features must be in any car, such as running on roads, having four wheels and a motor, having from one seat to eight, and mainly transporting people instead of goods.
In 1885, the first car in the world knew was invented by Carl Benz. The top speed of the motor of this car could reach sixteen km per hour. This car was known as the Benz Patent Motorwagen. In 1908, the Model T was first created by Henry Ford and became the first car available to the masses. It was a low-cost car.
Nowadays, different car types have about thirty thousand parts. Most of these parts are produced in Japan. Moreover, 80% of these cars can be recycled because about twelve thousand cars are recycled annually in the United States alone.
There are two types of transmission in cars. These types are manual and automatic. Recently, more than 95% of the vehicles in the United States have automatic transmission. In 2013, most of the sold cars were white as white vehicles are 10% less likely to be involved in an accident.
Airbags are essential in cars as they inflate in just 30 milliseconds in case of a crash or an impact. During the eighties, the automobile industry provided one of every six jobs in the United States. Thus, the automobile industry became a massive power for change in the 20th century in America. In addition, from 1909 to 1927, Ford produced more than fifteen million cars.
Different Car Types
- Hatchback Car
The first type of car that we will discuss in this article is the hatchback car. A hatchback is a car body formation with a back door that swings upward to provide access to a cargo area. Thus, it is a practical car.
Moreover, the seats of the second row of hatchbacks can be fold-down. The hatchback car made its first appearance during the thirties. The first people who invented this type were Ford Focus and Volkswagen Golf.
Furthermore, the hatchback body style belonged to small family cars or sports cars. The term returns decades but recently has been used to refer to smaller cars. Unlike all vehicles with four doors, these cars have only two or three. Many people think this car is known for its affordable prices. These cars come in a range of sizes and all sorts of costs, but not all of these cars are efficient.
Additionally, the hatchback looks like a sedan or coupe car, but the hatchback has more available cargo room while the trunk is attached to the main cabin. Besides, the trunk door opens, allowing more space to store cargo.
Moreover, this type of car is excellent as it provides more space for transporting goods and staff. Finally, many companies manufacture hatchbacks. Besides, there are many models of this type, such as:
- Sedan Car
The second type that we will introduce to you is a sedan car. This type represents the image of a four-door passenger car, as it has a closed body with the engine, occupants, and baggage. Moreover, this configuration is called Salon. Thus, a sedan car is also called a salon car.
The Sedan Car is one of the most common car body styles as it is known for its separate boxes for its engine, passengers, and trunk. Furthermore, the word sedan dates back to the seventeen century because this term referred to an enclosed chair carried on poles. Hence, it was one of the means of transportation for the upper class.
During the nineteen century, the word sedan reappeared as some literature described certain types of horse-drawn carriages as sedans. In 1899, Renault Voiturette was the first one who used the word Sedan to refer to an automobile. It was a closed cabin with a chair and four wheels instead of human carriers at the front and the back.
On January 11th, 1913, Hudson Motor Company released its first sedan. It was the first time people saw the sedan with a standard three-box design. There are some advantages of sedans. To illustrate, they are safer than other cars. They are more stable on the road because of better weight distribution.
Besides, they have more comprehensive engine options. They also can achieve better fuel efficiency. They vary in their offerings as many models are affordable on nearly any budget, and there are also extremely well-equipped luxury models. Hence, this type of car suits all budgets. In addition, there are some differences between sedans and hatchbacks. One of these differences is that many hatchbacks cost more than sedans.
Sedans have a separate place for luggage. Another difference between hatchbacks and sedans is the interior space, as sedans offer more space than hatchbacks. However, there are many sub-types of sedans, such as transversely mounted engines, longitudinally mounted engines, two-door sedans, and four-door coupe sedans. Finally, many companies manufacture Sedans, such as:
- Coupe Car
The third type is the coupe car. The coupe car is a sedan. It is a passenger car with a sloping back roofline to provide a sporty feel with two doors and two seats. Besides, it usually has a large engine and a small cabin, and the car length is shorter than the sedan. Moreover, the word coupe referred at first to horse-drawn carriages for two passengers without back-facing seats.
The first version of coupe cars was in Berlin during the eighteenth century. It was shortened version with no back-facing seat. Hence, it was called the Berlin coupe. Later, the term Berlin Coupe became only coupe. Furthermore, a coupe has a fixed glass window in front of the passenger cabin.
Coupe cars have many pros, such as providing higher fuel economy than bigger cars and being available as economy or luxury models. Besides, when someone removes one of the two doors, he changes the car’s exterior styling and gives it a sportier look.
There are many sub-types of Coupe Car, such as:
- Business Coupe
- Club Coupe
- Quad Coupe
- Four-door Coupe
Finally, here is a list of the Top Models:
- Crossover Car
The fourth type of car that we have is a crossover car. This type is also called Crossover Utility Vehicle (CUV). It is a type of automobile with an increased height like Sports cars. Thus, Crossovers have a single body construction where the frame and body are one piece.
Besides, these cars have four doors and a rear hatch. This term originated from North America. This term refers to any vehicle that has the characteristics of two different cars. This type is also known as “car-like SUVs” or “car-based SUVs.
The term Sports Utility Vehicle usually refers to an umbrella term for both crossovers and traditional Sports Cars because of the similarities between both cars. Crossovers come in all sizes and prices, but families are most likely to buy them due to their roomy space.
The first company that first produced was Toyota during the nineties. Later, Honda Company manufactured the same model. Moreover, Europe and Japan are famous for producing Crossovers. Many features of Crossovers make them distinctive cars, such as being lighter than Sports Cars, which helps them get better gas mileage.
Besides, they provide more space and drive longer distances than sports cars. There are many categories of Crossovers, such as Three-row CUVs, Midsize crossovers, Compact crossovers, and Sub-compact crossovers.
Finally, here is a list of Top Models of Crossovers:
- Hyundai Tucson Hybrid
- Honda CR-V
- Mazda CX-5
- Kia Telluride
- Convertible Car
The fifth type of car is the Convertible car. It is also named cabriolet, roadster, open two-seater, open top, rag top, soft top, and spider. It is a passenger car which anyone can drive with or without a roof. The roof can be removed or folded down, but people usually see this car without the roof.
Although these cars often have two doors, some of these cars may have four doors. Most convertible roofs are made of cloth or other fabric, and these roofs are folded via electronic or manual control. At first, these cars did not have glass windows. They have fabric panels to protect the passengers from rain and cold.
Most of the early Cars were open-air vehicles without any roof or sides. When car engines became more powerful by the end of the nineteenth century, folding textile or leather roofs started to appear on cars. There are several examples of these early cars, such as the phaeton and the brougham.
During the twenties, steel bodies began to be produced by many companies. Hence, closed cars became available to the average buyer, and fully open cars began to disappear from the markets. By the mid of thirties, the remaining small number of Convertible cars sold were high-priced luxury models.
Furthermore, there are many types of these detachable roofs like Textile, Detachable hardtop, and Retractable hardtop. Several features of the Convertible car make them unique as it provides more headroom and has a unique style. It also has some cons, such as high prices and loud noises.
Finally, here is a list of the Best Models of Convertibles:
- Mini Van Car
The sixth type that we will discuss in the article is the Minivan car. Sometimes this type is called only a Van. In Britain, people refer to this type of car as people carriers, and others call it a Multi-Purpose Vehicle. The smaller version of a Minivan may be called a mini MPV or compact MPV.
According to the North American car classification, it is a vehicle designed to transport passengers in the back seating row, with reconfigurable seats in two or three rows. Minivan usually has a high roof design and four or five doors with a hatchback. Many Vans allow the seats to be folded or removed, allowing for additional space.
The Minivan car made its first appearance in the mid of thirties by Stout Scarab. Then, from 1949 through 1962, the DKW Schnellaster car was manufactured. It had the same qualities as today’s minivans have. Furthermore, in 1950, VW was manufactured. The VW looked like a bus. This van had some great features that later became part of a minivan design, such as having three rows of seats and compact length.
During the seventies, Ford built its Carousel car, which was different from the Ford E-Series. The Minivan car is widespread around the world. This type is quite popular in Asia as the Japanese use it daily. It is also popular in the South Korean markets. Besides, it is also famous in North America and Europe.
These cars have some remarkable features that make people think to buy them as they have three rows of seats. Thus, it can accommodate up to nine persons. Besides, they have a rear lift gate. They are very suitable for long journeys as they are very comfortable.
Minivans are also suitable for certain professions as merchants can take advantage of the space by transporting large amounts of items and goods. They have tinted windows, rear seat TV screens, and multiple USB ports for charging devices.
Here are the Best Minivans:
- Chrysler Voyager
- Honda Odyssey
- Toyota Sienna
- Ford Transit Connect
- Mercedes-Benz Metris
- Limousine Car
The seventh type of car that we will explain to you is the limousine car. This type may be called only Limo. It is a large, chauffeur-driven luxury car with a barrier between the driver compartment and passenger compartment. Furthermore, it has a longer body than the simple wheelbase, which takes the breath at any event.
In some countries, such as the United States, Canada, Australia, and Germany, the limousine service may be any pre-booked car with a driver, and it must not always be a fancy car. Furthermore, the airport services are usually named limousine services though they often use busses. In Germany, a limousine is simply a Sedan car, while a lengthened-wheelbase car is called Pullman Limousine.
The term limousine originated in France as the car named after the name of the French region that has the same name. In the past, wealthy people who had expensive carriages and their passengers used to sit in a private compartment leaving their coachman or driver outside in all weathers. Hence, when automobiles appeared, the same people required a similar arrangement for their drivers.
In 1916, the definition of a limousine appeared and was meant as a limousine closed car seating three to five inside, with a driver’s seat outside. In Great Britain, this car was a version of the limousine town car where the drivers set outside and had no weather protection. In 1916 in the United States, there were two sub-types of the Limousine. The first one was called Berlin. It meant a type that has the driver’s seat entirely enclosed.
The second type was Brougham. It meant a limousine with no roof over the driver’s seat. The longest limousine car reaches one hundred feet long. It has twenty-six wheels on it and is separated into three sections: the front, the middle, and the back. There are several luxury features of a Limo car that anyone will admire, such as having TV and video systems, stereo systems, climate control systems and Air-conditioning, tinted windows, and upholstered leather seats.
Finally, here is a list of Top Models of Limousine Cars:
- Cadillac XT Limousine
- Porsche Cayenne Limousine
- Sang Yong Chairman
- Mercedes Benz S Class
- Pickup Track Car
The last type we are going to discuss is the Pickup Track car. It is a light-duty truck. It has an enclosed cabin, an open cargo area with low sides and a rear gate. In Australia and New Zealand, Pickup Trucks are called Utes, as short for Utility vehicles. In South Africa, people Bakkie. It means a bowl or a container.
During the fifties, this type became a comfortable tool for farming. Thus, the consumers began to buy Pickups for lifestyle reasons. By the nineties, about 15% of owners used Pickup trucks as a primary purpose in their works. Moreover, in North America, they are used as passenger cars. They represent 18% of the sold vehicles.
In 1913, the Pickup Track made its first appearance by Galion Body Company, which was considered an early developer of the pickup and dump truck. Pickup Trucks have their pros and their cons. They have several pros, such as having the power for towing and hauling and better Off-roading abilities.
They also have some cons, such as having lower fuel efficiency than passenger cars. Besides, they have an enormous size which represents difficulty in controlling them. Besides, some models do not have perfect options.
Finally, there are many famous models of Pickup Trucks all over the world, such as:
- Chevrolet Silverado 1500
- Toyota Tundra
- Nissan Titan